The Indonesian flag is a bicolor flag that consists of two horizontal bars of even length. It is sometimes called the Sang Merah Putih, which means the Red and White. It is based on the design of the Majapahit empire banner from the 1200’s.
The Indonesian flag has the ratio 2:3. It was adopted officially on August 17, 1945. The color red represents bravery. White stands for spirituality. The banner is similar to the flags of Poland, Singapore, and Monaco.
The colors red and white were also used against the Dutch as a symbol of nationalism. The Indonesian flag may have originated from the people tearing the blue section off of the Dutch flag. The nation is located in Southeast Asia, and is an archipelagic state with over 17,000 islands.
The capital city and largest city of the country is Jakarta. The Indonesian flag belongs to a nation whose national anthem or song is titled “Indonesia Raya”. The currency is the Rupiah. The national motto is “Unity in Diversity".
Some interesting facts about Indonesia:
religion: Islam 86.2%, Roman Catholicism 3.1%, Protestants 5.7%, Hindu 1.7%, others/unspecific 3.3%
languages: Bahasa Indonesia, Dutch, English, Javanese
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